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Project Info COMPLETE Project Title

Code Readiness Case Study: Energy Recovery Dedicated Outdoor Air System with Heat Recovery VRF: Office Building in Palm Springs, CA

Project Number ET18PGE1902-4 Organization PG&E End-use HVAC Sector Commercial Project Year(s) 2018 - 2023

The Palm Springs Case Study is one of eight buildings evaluated under a Code Readiness field monitoring research effort to better understand real-world performance of dedicated outdoor air systems (DOAS) in California. The Palm Springs site was renovated in 2021 with a fully decoupled HVAC system using a DX-DOAS unit with an ERV core for ventilation and a VRF system with heat recovery for space heating and cooling. This case study will share site HVAC configuration attributes and energy efficiency observations including heat recovery effectiveness, peak demand reduction, and VRF heating and cooling system performance. This case study will highlight the effectiveness of DOAS and VRF energy efficiency components and identify code and market mechanisms to support adoption of high-efficiency DOAS and VRF system.

In contrast to mixed air systems, DOAS HVAC configurations achieve efficiency by independently optimizing the ventilation and/or conditioning system. Prior studies from other parts of the US indicate that using a dedicated ventilation system that heats, cools, and dehumidifies outdoor ventilation air can significantly reduce annual energy consumption, and both winter and summer peak loads. However, few studies have assessed the performance of DOAS systems in California’s unique climates or evaluated variation in performance for different DOAS system attributes, technologies, and strategies.


Keyword Search:

Dedicated Outdoor Air System, Decoupled HVAC, DOAS, Variable Refrigerant Flow, VRF, Ventilation, Heat Recovery Ventilation, Energy Recovery Ventilation, HRV, ERV, fans, DCV, building electrification, energy efficiency, retrofit, office, non-residential, commercial, demand control ventilation, peak demand reduction, VAV, heat pumps, building controls, economizing, case study

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The ETCC is funded in part by ratepayer dollars and the California IOU Emerging Technologies Program, the IOU Codes & Standards Planning & Coordination Subprograms, and the Demand Response Emerging Technologies (DRET) Collaborative programs under the auspices of the California Public Utilities Commission. The municipal portion of this program is funded and administered by Sacramento Municipal Utility District and Los Angeles Department of Water and Power.